Vitigno importante, il Teroldego

Vitigno simbolo della enologia trentina, dal quale si ricava quello che giustamente viene, da sempre, considerato il "principe" dei vini trentini, titolo che mantiene a tutt'oggi, nonostante i numerosi concorrenti che cercano di insidiarlo.


This is the most emblematic vine on the Trentino wine scene, and is used to produce what is traditionally considered the finest wine in the region, viewed as the “prince” of local wines to this day, despite the efforts of numerous competitors to imitate it.


The origins of this vine are lost in the mists of time, although a number of bio-chemical characteristics suggest it may be linked to Marzemino and originate from the far-off lands of Asia Minor. However, the name certainly derives from a place name, i.e. “Teroldeghe”, a place in the Municipality of Mezzolombardo mentioned in many legal documents since 1480 when it appeared in a purchase deed for the payment of "due brente di vino Teroldego" (two kegs of Teroldego wine).

Undoubtedly closer to the legend is the idea that the name comes from “Tiroler Cold” (Tyrol’s gold), since the wine was named at the Court of Vienna.

The vine

This vine has no equal worldwide, and grows best only on the Rotaliana Plain: if planted in another area, even with the same training system, growing and irrigation procedures, it yields completely different, unimpressive results.

Of fundamental importance for the characteristics of the wine is the composition of the soil, consisting of the flood debris of the Noce River and the peculiar exposure to the sun in the summer as a result of the rocky walls that close off the Rotaliana Plain, acting like mirrors.

As Mader says: “matura a seconda dell'annata non troppo tardi e dà un vino molto corposo, robusto, simile ai Bordeaux, ma anche più ruvido” (depending on the year, the grapes mature not too late and produce a very full-bodied, powerful wine, similar to Bordeaux, but with a rougher edge).

The wine

Mariani describes Teroldego as a “potent” wine, which is why it was used for so long as a “blending” wine to reinforce weak, feeble grapes, boosting their colour and body.

 At the beginning of the century, Cesare Battisti wrote: “Bastano poche gocce di Teroldego per dare un'impronta caratteristica ad un vino” (just a few drops of Teroldego are enough to give a peculiar imprint to a wine).

According to Gallo: “…è un eccellente tonificato re, capace di imprimere ai vini l'estro gagliardo della buona rossa” (it has an excellent reinvigorating effect, able to provide wines with the vigorous personality of the quality red grapes).

It was not until the 1950s that it became clear that it was not fair or sensible to use Teroldego simply for blending with other varieties. This is how Teroldego acquired a new lease of life: today the wine has reached an impressive level of quality, and may indeed improve even further once the modern wine-growing philosophy has completely won over even the producers of the Rotaliana Plain.

The vine

The vine has large, longish, pentagonal leaves with three lobes. The teeth are sharp, slightly pointed, and arranged in a double row.

The size of bunches is larger than average; they are long, generally pyramid-shaped, rarely cylindrical and sometimes have two little wings. Averagely compact.

The grapes are of regular, medium size, and are round in shape. The skin is thick, tough, dusty and blue-black in colour.

The wine: Teroldego is deservedly considered the “prince” of Trentino wines. The singularly rich organoleptic characteristics and intense ruby red colour with purplish-blue shades have earned this wine a unique reputation on the national and international scene. Sometimes it is simply defined as a “garnet” wine. It has a typical intense, pleasantly fruity aroma. It is full-bodied, with a dry, full flavour and a slightly almondy flavour. There is also another variety with a rosé colour and a heady aroma, ideal for drinking when young, but completely different from the darker Teroldego.

When young, it is a perfect accompaniment for all oily fish, especially in stews, or for chicken and roast beef.

When aged, it is the classic wine to perfectly accompany the typical dishes of Trentino cuisine or slow-cooked meat dishes such as goulash or game.

It is a perfect wine for ageing as this process enhances its characteristic features. This wine can be kept in the cellar for as long as 10 years.

The standard alcohol volume is 12.5°.

Giovedì, 23 Aprile 2015 - Ultima modifica: Lunedì, 20 Marzo 2017