La storia di Mezzocorona

Il Comune di Mezzocorona sorge nella fertile pianura rotaliana, vasto triangolo alluvionale attraversato dalle acque del torrente Noce, con il corso dell'Adige alla base e al vertice la gola della Rocchetta, sulla quale incombe, con le sue strapiombanti pareti rocciose, il Monte di Mezzocorona. Questa zona, oggi rinomata per la sua superficie ammantata di vigneti e per la bontà del suo vino, il Teroldego, è fin dalla preistoria sito di continua presenza umana, con reperti documentati dal Mesolitico recente (6000-4500 a.C.) fino alla media età del Bronzo (1600-1300).

Foto di punte di freccia in selce proveniente dai livelli della Cultura dei vasi a bocca quadrata di Mezzocorona Borgonuovo

THE HISTORY OF MEZZOCORONA

The Municipality of Mezzocorona is located on the fertile Rotaliana Plain, a large triangular flood plain crossed by the Noce River with the Adige River at the base and the Rocchetta gorge at the top, with the overhanging rocky walls of Mezzocorona Mount looking down over it.

Today this area is renowned for the lands covered in vineyards and its delicious wine, Teroldego, and has been continually inhabited since prehistoric times with evidence documented from the recent Mesolithic ((6000-4500 BC) until the Middle Bronze Age (1600-1300).

Thanks to the Adige River and the Claudia Augusta Imperial Road, this has been a strategic road junction between the valleys of the Adige, Noce and Avisio Rivers from the times of the Roman Empire.

Recent archaeological digs have brought to light a well-organised village and a late-Roman farm that confirms the ancient wine-growing tradition of the plain of "Mez" or "Mezo".

The existence of the ecclesiastic community is demonstrated by some ancient Christian sarcophagi dating back to the 5-7th century AC, while the first written evidence goes back to 1199 and refers to the church, the venue of the “ab immemorabili” ancient Parish of Santa Maria, which also comprised some nearby villages.

The “Vicinia” feudal community is referred to in the ancient definition (comunitas meçi de Corona) that appears during the investiture of the Bishop of Trento, Egnone, dating back to 1271. Said denomination corresponds to “Mezo de Corona” or simply “Mezocorona”, i.e. the village located towards the Crown or San Gottardo Castle.

The “Vicinia” was the first local self-governing body founded on "rules" that until that time had been passed on orally and whose focal point was the meeting of all the family heads of the neighbouring area. These general guidelines were later codified in the "Carta di Regola" (or Vicinia statute), of which unfortunately no trace remains to this day.

The Mezzocorona “Vicinia” extended as far as Roverè della Luna and Grumo and consisted of many “fuochi” (entitled families) or “masi” (farmsteads): 50 in Mezzocorona, 18 in Roverè della Luna and 10 in Grumo. Mezzocorona was also the seat of the local court: in the first half of the 14th century, following the expansion policy of the Counts of the Tyrol, the jurisdiction passed from the Prince Bishop to their domain.

The first significant local deed registered dates back to 1293 and refers to the purchase by Meinhard II of the Castle of “Corona di Mezo”, which is located in the large rocky crack on Mount Las and can still be seen today. The jurisdiction of Mezzocorona was assigned to the noble lords of Mezo (Metz) and afterwards to the Counts Firmian, who ruled from the late 15th century until they surrendered it in 1824 (with the exception of the short interval of the Reign of Italy).

The extremely important legal and administrative body known as the “Giudizio” ruled over the area for five centuries and was also hosted in the current Palazzo Firmian. The territory was ruled according to the Tyrol Statute, which, together with the “Carta di Regola”, represented the basic laws in force till the early 19th century.

The “Giudizio Patrimoniale” property ruling body of Firmian, as well as of Mezzocorona and the Mount (Obermetz) with its settlement, comprised the territories of Roverè della Luna, Grumo and Nave San Rocco.

Starting from the late 18th century, the traditional local rural economy gradually shifted from the “Maso Chiuso” indivisible farmstead system towards smaller individual farms. In the second half of the 19th century, following the regulation of watercourses, farmers started to reclaim the marshes and turn them into fertile land to grow crops on.

As regards the place name, it is interesting to note that the Municipality has changed its name several times over the centuries and indeed is known by forty different names. On 29 February 1902, the Ministry of the Interior of Vienna authorised the change of the previous name “Meezotedesco” to “Mezocorona”, corresponding to the German "Kronmetz".

The current name, Mezzocorona, dates back to just 1924, and in 1907 the Municipality of Mezzocorona was authorised to use the term "Borgata" (hamlet).

Paul Troger e gli affreschi di palazzo Firmian

  • Nell'ottocento il palazzo Firmian passò in mani private (Chini e poi Martinelli) e fu anche trasformato in locanda. In seguito fu utilizzato come residenza privata fino all'acquisto da parte del comune nel 1985. In occasione del restauro sono stati studiati in modo approfondito gli aspetti storici e artistici del palazzo, evidenziandone l'importanza.

I dinosauri di Mezzocorona

  • Era la primavera del 2004 e nel corso di un sopralluogo della caverna che ospita le rovine del Castello di San Gottardo, sopra l'abitato di Mezzocorona, sulla superficie di alcune lastre di roccia vennero notate numerose strutture dalle insolite forme. Allo sguardo esperto dei paleontologi l'identità di quelle forme non tardò a rivelarsi: qualcuno, molto, molto tempo fa, aveva visitato quei luoghi, e quelle, custodite per millenni dalla roccia, erano le loro tracce.

Il Monte di Mezzocorona nella storia

  • territorio montano di Mezzocorona la cui superficie raggiunge i 1500 ettari, è compreso nella piccola catena montuosa denominata Gruppo di Roccapiana che si estende dalla gola della Rocchetta, all’inizio della Val di Non fino alla Val dei Molini, sopra l’abitato di Roverè della Luna. Dalla Val d’Adige i monti di Mezzocorona appaiono caratterizzati da un massiccio zoccolo con pareti verticali che strapiombano nella sottostante pianura; le cime dei monti che degradano verso Vigo di Ton raggiungono i 1800 metri di altitudine.

Giovedì, 03 Aprile 2014 - Ultima modifica: Giovedì, 30 Novembre 2017